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Dish with foliate rim decorated with flowers and a cypress tree, c. 1575
Following the establishment of the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century, Iznik pottery initially followed Seljuk Empire antecedents. After this initial period, Iznik vessels were made in imitation of Chinese porcelain, which was highly prized by the Ottoman sultans. As the potters were unable to makeporcelain, the vessels produced were fritware, a low-fired body comprising mainly silica and glass. The originality of the potters was such that their use of Chinese originals has been described as adaptation rather than imitation. Chinese ceramics had long been admired, collected and emulated in the Islamic world. This was especially so in the Ottoman court and the Safavid court in Persia which had important collections of Chinese blue-and-white porcelain. Such Chinese porcelains influenced the style of Safavid pottery and had a strong impact on the development of Iznik ware. By the mid-16th century, Iznik had its own vocabulary of floral and abstract motifs in tight designs making use of a limited palette. Decoration progressed from pure symmetry to subtle rhythms.
Ming dynasty porcelain dish with grape design,Jingdezhen, China, 1403-1424.
Fritware dish with grape design, Iznik, Turkey, 1550-1570.
Abraham of Kütahya ewer', probably made in Kütahya, dated 1510
Fragmentary blue and white Miletus ware bowl
Large dish (charger) with foliate rim. Design reserved on a dark cobalt ground, ca. 1480
Large dish (charger), 1500-1510
Mosque lamp with lotuses c. 1510.
Similar to four lamps that hung in the mausoleum of Bayezid II in Istanbul